HELENA

HELENA (first century C.E.), sister and wife of monobazus I, king of adiabene (cf. Jos., Ant., 20:17–96). Helena and her son izates became converts to Judaism in about 30 C.E. through the influence of Ananias, a Jewish merchant. When her husband died, she appointed Izates as king in accordance   with his expressed wish. As was customary in the East, the other sons of Monobazus were imprisoned and were in danger of being put to death, but Helena and Izates sent them to Rome – a humane act probably dictated by their new religion. Only her son Monobazus II, who ruled for a short time after his father's death, remained in Adiabene. Helena spent the latter part of her life in Jerusalem, where she built herself a palace (Jos., Wars, 5:252; 6:355). When a famine raged in Judea at the time of Claudius (Ant., 20:51), she bought grain and figs in Egypt and Cyprus for the starving people. Echoes of this are found in the Talmud (BB 11a; TJ, Pe'ah 1:1, 15b; Tosef., ibid., 4:18). Helena also made gifts to the Temple (Yoma 3:10), and was meticulous in the observance of the precepts of Judaism (Naz. 3:6). She died in Adiabene but her remains and those of Izates were transferred to Jerusalem by Monobazus, and interred in the mausoleum she had built at a distance of three stadia to the north of the city, known today as "the Tombs of the Kings" (Jos., Ant., 20:95; Jos., Wars, 5:55, 119, 147). Pausanius (Graec. Descrip. VIII, 16:4–5 (358) provides a description of the Tomb of Helena and refers to a special mechanism that kept the door of the tomb closed. The inscription on the sarcophagus found by De Saulcy in the Tomb of the Kings was of great value in identifying Helena's tomb. The first line has the words מלכתא צדן and the second line מלכת א צדה. The language of both lines is Aramaic, but the script of the first line is Syrian and of the second, Hebrew. This proves that at least the second queen mentioned was Jewish and that she came from a Syrian royal family. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Derenbourg, Essai sur l'histoire et la géographie de la Palestine (1867), 223ff.; Graetz, Hist, 2 (1893), 216–9; Schuerer, Gesch, 3 (19094), 169ff.; M. Kon, Kivrei ha-Melakhim (1947); Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 5 (1951), 13, 44ff. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: N.C. Debevoise, A Political History of Parthia (1938); N. Kokkinos, The Herodian Dynasty: Origins, Role in Society and Eclipse (1998), 250; M. Stern, Greek and Latin Authors on Jews and Judaism, vol. 2 (1980), 196–97; T. Ilan, Lexicon of Jewish Names in Late Antiquity. Part I: Palestine 330 BCE200 CE (2002), 317–18, S.V. "Helene." (Abraham Schalit / Shimon Gibson (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Helena — ist die latinisierte Form des weiblichen griechischen Vornamens Ἑλένη (Helénē): die Gestalt der griechischen Mythologie, siehe Helena (Mythologie) die Mutter des ersten christlichen Kaisers Konstantin, die als Heilige verehrt wird, s. Helena… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Helena — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Mitología griega 2 Historia 3 Nombre 4 Divisiones administrativas 4.1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Helena — HELĔNA, æ, Gr. Ἑλένη, ης, (⇒ Tab. XXIII.) 1 §. Namen. Diesen soll sie von ἕλος, Sumpf, haben, weil sie ἐν ἕλει, oder im Sumpfe geboren worden, wobey sie denn sonst auch Leonte, imgleichen Echo soll seyn genannt worden, weil sie allen andern… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Helena — (de «Helena», figura mitológica) f. *Fuego de San Telmo cuando se presenta con una sola llama. * * * helena. (De Helena, figura mitológica). f. Fuego de Santelmo, cuando se presenta con una sola llama. * * * Helena puede referirse a: 1. En la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Helena — Helena, MT U.S. city in Montana Population (2000): 25780 Housing Units (2000): 12133 Land area (2000): 14.005336 sq. miles (36.273653 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 14.005336 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Helena — {{Helena}} Tochter des Zeus* und der Leda* – oder der Nemesis* –, wegen ihrer außergewöhnlichen Schönheit noch als Kind von Theseus* geraubt, aber von ihren Brüdern, den Dioskuren*, befreit und in ihre Heimat Sparta zurückgebracht. Um… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Helena [1] — HELĔNA, æ, (⇒ Tab. XXXI.) des Paris und der Helena Tochter, über deren Namen sich Vater und Mutter nicht vergleichen konnten, weil sie ersterer nach sich Alexandra, sie aber Helena genannt wissen wollte, bis sie endlich darum würfelten, und… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Helena —     Helena     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Helena     (Helenensis)     Erected from the Vicariate of Montana, 7 March, 1884. It comprises the western part of the State of Montana, U.S.A., and is made up of Lewis and Clark, Teton, Flathead, Missoula …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Helena, AL — U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 10296 Housing Units (2000): 3983 Land area (2000): 17.074678 sq. miles (44.223210 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.019633 sq. miles (0.050850 sq. km) Total area (2000): 17.094311 sq. miles (44.274060 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Helena, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 6323 Housing Units (2000): 2710 Land area (2000): 8.896456 sq. miles (23.041713 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000926 sq. miles (0.002399 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.897382 sq. miles (23.044112 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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